As China’s economy has boomed over the past few decades, interest in doing business with China has soared. People recognise that successful business relations with China demand an understanding of the unique business cultural landscape which has been fashioned over millennia and evolved into its current mix of traditional thinking fused with modern processes and approaches.
Global Business Culture runs China cultural awareness training programmes for clients from a wide range of sectors who have varying business interests in China but who all share a need for greater understanding and cultural dexterity. We run these courses at all levels within client organisations and in multiple global locations – including China.
Our clients tend to fall into a number of different categories, driven by differing interests and relationships with China:
We find that companies who have been acquired by a Chinese parent company want to develop a greater level of understanding of the key business drivers of their contacts back at the new HQ. They want to be able to persuade and influence their parent company to allow them to continue to develop their business in the way they feel is best for the business – they don’t want to be guided by people they feel might not understand their market fully.
More and more businesses rely heavily on supply chains which are embedded in China. The China relationship therefore becomes critical for their operational effectiveness and people realise that a good understanding of the Chinese approach to business can reap immediate rewards in terms of helping improve communication and interpersonal relations.
There is an active war for talent taking place in China and this situation is unlikely to improve quickly given the demographics of China’s ageing population. Many good potential Chinese candidates are opting to work for local Chinese companies and turning their backs on opportunities with foreign capital companies. Therefore, understanding your current Chinese colleagues and having the cultural fluency to recruit well in China become of increasing importance. Recruitment and retention are vital in a China context.
The potential of the China market is almost limitless. Make it big in China and it could be a game-changer for your organisation. But China is hard – someone once said: ‘In China everything is possible; but nothing is easy.’ If you want to succeed in China, you need to understand the local environment and you need to understand the Chinese approach to business. Going to China without doing your cultural homework could prove very costly.
In order to help our clients, navigate the complex cultural landscape we have developed a number of practical and effective China cultural awareness training programmes.
This cultural awareness training session is designed for senior leadership to help them explore how a deeper knowledge of Chinese business culture can enable them to align their strategy to the reality on the ground. Too often strategy lacks a deeper understanding of how cultural differences might impact on the implementation of that strategy and particularly on timescales and investment.
This China cultural awareness training programme is designed to help China-facing employees at all levels understand the drivers and expectations of their counterparts in China. The course explores some key China business concepts and links them to practical day-to-day issues which can be of immediate help to the delegates on the course.
Communication with China can be difficult and English language levels are patchy at best. It is therefore essential that all employees who have contacts in China work really hard to communicate in as user-friendly fashion as possible. This programme gives people the practical tools they need to immediately improve cross-border communication.
Many of our clients come to us and ask us to help them develop their China business development plans before they start to make any significant decisions about China – many others come to us and say: ‘We entered China two years ago and it’s not going well. Can you help?’ Effective China market entry needs understanding, knowledge, research and strategy. We help clients at all stages and often kick this process off by running a China market entry strategy session.
If you are looking to improve your cultural understanding of China and improve your effectiveness in the region as a result, please contact us for an initial discussion.
When organisations are thinking of delivering cultural awareness training to their employees, there are two key elements they need to address:
I have addressed the issue of course content in some earlier blogs and so wanted to focus more in this piece on the issues around trainer capabilities. I have been running cultural awareness training programmes around the world for major corporations for twenty years and during that time have encountered a great number of cultural awareness trainers who have varied in greatly in approach and suitability.
In my experience, great cultural awareness trainers share the following four characteristics:
If you can find all these attributes in the trainer you chose to deliver your cultural awareness programmes you are probably onto a winner. If any one of the above is missing, the training is likely to be far less impactful.
If you would like to discuss your cultural awareness training needs, please contact us.
I really believe this statement is true if an organisation is to be able to work really effectively across the barriers of culture, language, geography and time. The problem is that people are not necessarily born with an innate understanding of how business works in areas of the globe they don’t know and maybe have never visited.
The process of changing global mindsets in any international organisation is a three step process:
In my experience – and I’ve worked with major organisations all over the world on these issues – this process is rarely approached with a consistent, whole organisation plan and progress towards better quality and more effective global co-operation is slow.
If you would like to discuss how Global Business Culture can help you develop greater levels of cultural awareness and fluency within your organisation, please contact me on email@example.com
I really believe this statement is true if any person is to be able to work really effectively across the barriers of culture, language, geography and time. The basic problem is that people are not born with an innate understanding of how business works in areas of the globe they don’t know and maybe have never visited – this knowledge and awareness needs to be developed.
The process of changing your mindset and developing better levels of global fluency and therefore the ability to work seamlessly across cultures is a three step process:
In my experience – and I’ve worked with business people all over the world on these issues – few people really take the time to understand the impact of cultural differences. People only tend to think about these things when something goes wrong and that’s usually too late.
If you would like to discuss how Global Business Culture can help you develop greater levels of cultural awareness and fluency personally or within your organisation, please contact me on firstname.lastname@example.org
Over the years I’ve been involved in a number of major projects where U.S. or European companies have looked to transition work from their home countries to outsourced facilities in India. The drivers behind these projects have been many and varied, but I suppose that cost reduction is always a major component of any such decision. Personally, I’ve always thought there are a number of advantages above and beyond cost arbitrage but for many clients that’s their starting point.
If your main motivation for going through the transition process is cost then it stands to reason that you have to make the transition work efficiently or any imagined cost savings can be quickly eroded through well-documented problems such as high attrition rates and client dissatisfaction. Cultural issues play a huge role in creating disconnects between the home teams and the India-based teams – but cultural issues are not the only challenge.
Another area which is fraught with difficulty is in the partner selection process. Lots of clients have got a year or two down the line only to question their original choice of partner but are then loath to jump ship and go through the pain of transition for a second time – better the devil you know etc.
Based on our experience at Global Business Culture here are five issues you need to consider when selecting an outsourced partner in India. The list is not exhaustive but it’s a good starting point:
The Tender Process: A western-led tender process will only get you so far in India. I’ve seen situations where the responses to tender have led clients to the wrong supplier, in the wrong location, staffed by the wrong people. ‘Do you have experience of the banking/insurance/automotive/pharma sectors?’ The answer will be ‘yes’. People move company and position all the time in India and employees pick up experience across a wide range of sectors – but that knowledge can be quite superficial.
You need to effectively pre-qualify your tender short-list and the best way to do that is on the ground. Start with a long list and whittle this down until you have three or four bona fide contenders and then, and only then, get on a plane and spend time with each of the candidates. It should be as much about chemistry as it is about commercials.
Management Capability: I cannot stress how it is important to assess the management capabilities of an outsource partner. The India offshore business has grown exponentially over the past decade or so but management capability has not necessarily been able to keep pace with that growth. It is not a question of education or technical ability; it is more an issue of commercial experience and acumen. Many Western clients who transition work to India are looking for people who can operate with a knowledge of home country market conditions and – even more difficult – an understanding of home country cultural expectations.
This is a tall order and those two demands can be very difficult to meet. Don’t expect too much at the outset and be prepared to invest in training people to make up the skills and knowledge gap.
Attrition rates: How does your potential partner manage its attrition rates? Attrition rates are notoriously high in the offshore industry in India and this can cause you serious difficulties on an ongoing basis. Attrition leads to knowledge and skills seepage and massive recruitment and re-training costs (which can eat away at any cost arbitrage you were looking to harvest.)
Try to get some accurate figures on attrition from any potential partners and don’t just look at the numbers, look at the trends over a few years. Ask your partners how they manage this issue, what policies and processes they have in place to address the challenge. If they just brush it off as irrelevant, be very wary. When we talk to home teams, lack of continuity of contact in India is often cited as the biggest headache.
Size: Should you team up with a large, well-established player in the market who has size, scalability and well-tested procedures, or with a smaller outfit who are growing and hungry? With a larger player, you might end up being a small fish in a very large pond and feel you are of little importance whereas a smaller partner may see you as strategically vital but lack the sophistication you are looking for.
You need to balance these conflicting arguments and find a solution that you are comfortable with in the short and medium term. Again, it has to be about chemistry as well as commercials.
Price: If you are going through the whole process as a cost-reducing exercise then this obviously becomes a key factor in the final decision-making process.
But just a few words of caution, which come from experience. If you drive too hard a bargain, people will resent it. You are shedding people back home (this is resented at home) and you are squeezing the pips of your new partner (this is equally resented in India). The whole process can become pretty sour very quickly and you end up with massively resentful workers in two locations.
In addition, your India partner often becomes critical to the well-being of your global business. In fact, the better your partner performs, the more critical they become as you invest even more heavily in them in terms of time and emotion. What are you going to do if they turn around and say, ‘we can’t support this level of work anymore at the price we are charging?’ You may find they have you over a barrel.
The deal must be fair from the outset – that’s what will bring the cost savings in the long run.
For more information on this, contact me at email@example.com
Intra-team communication within virtual teams who are working across the barriers of culture, language, geography and technology is bound to present certain challenges which are less problematic amongst co-located teams. Many of these communication challenges are cultural in origin and this blog highlights one such challenge.
One major cultural difference in terms of global communication is that some cultures place far greater emphasis on the importance of oral communication between people whilst others prefer the written word.
In countries such as Germany and Sweden, only when something has been communicated in writing does that issue become a reality. However, other cultures (such as Italy or Saudi) place much greater emphasis on the value of spoken communication – things are only really believed when they have been communicated by people with whom they have a strong, trusting relationship.
This simple fact can have a major impact on communication flow and the achievement of objectives within, for example, an international team. Do you communicate to each team member in exactly the same format regardless of their cultural background? Might it be a good idea to communicate more information orally to certain people if you want them to fully ‘buy-in’ to what you want to achieve whereas email communication may be more successful with other people?
Agreeing communication protocols in advance is a critical element in making global virtual team work effectively – and this is just one specific example of the things that need to be looked at.
For more information on this and other global virtual team issues contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org
Global Business Culture works with a large number of major global corporations and as they become more and more engaged in business activities outside their home bases in North America and Western Europe, they seem to be asking increasingly difficult questions about the difference between cultural sensitivity and ethical correctness. I suppose the question boils down to a simple one – should we always play by the rules of the country we find ourselves operating in or should we always apply the rules that work in our home country? Those of a culturally understanding nature, as well as those who place the commercial imperative before all else tend to argue that ‘when in Rome do as the Romans.’ But is it really that simple? Should local norms always trump home country beliefs?
One of my North American clients placed a female employee as the project lead on a project with a certain Asian client. They received an email from the client in Asia saying they would prefer a man as the project lead. What should the North American company do? Should they acquiesce to the demands of the client even though that would contradict both the law in their own country and their strong corporate policy of being a gender blind employer? When I pose this question to clients around the world, responses vary enormously and not just, as might be expected, along gender lines. I’ve had female managers in the US saying that the client is always right but then being argued with by male colleagues who say that corporate policies should be adhered to regardless of the commercial consequences.
I spend a lot of time explaining the impact of differing attitudes to meetings, decision-making styles etc. on global business and my usual advice is to adapt to the expectations of the client as this can help you meet your goals on time and on budget. Nobody objects to the idea of adapting to a different meeting style – but condoning gender bias or bribery is a whole different ball game!
These issues are really complex and there is no simple answer to them. However, I strongly believe that a global company needs to address these difficulties rather than sweep them under the carpet. Organisations need a clear policy on all of these issues which is then effectively communicated and they also need to be strong enough to apply that policy in all situations – no matter how commercially uncomfortable that might be. It just not fair to say ‘we don’t pay bribes’ but then to punish a sales guy for losing a contract because they were competing with someone who did. It sounds bizarre but it happens.
If you’d like to discuss how increased cultural fluency can help you develop and implement effect global compliance policies, please contact me at email@example.com
Like it or not, English is the common global language adopted by most international companies. The trouble is that language levels in English vary around the world – even within one organisation. Native speakers often assume that ‘if somebody is working in my company, they have to have really high levels of English.’ This is often a dangerous assumption. Just because people don’t tell you they haven’t understood, doesn’t mean they have understood! People often don’t tell you – it’s a face thing.
So when communicating in English in a global environment, everybody needs to think very carefully about the way they use English.
Be aware of the following at all times:
Control Your Speed
You can probably think of other useful hints and tips but these are a good starting point.
At Global Business Culture we run training programmes on global communication all over the world – if you’re interested to find out more please email me at firstname.lastname@example.org
Maybe it isn’t that contentious a statement after all because what you are actually saying when moving to an ISSC model is that ‘we think we can make things run more smoothly and more efficiently by taking operations out of the country which they service and replace the operations of 10 countries, 10 different business cultures and 10 languages within 1 remote location’. The process sounds complex to me but, having worked on dozens of these transitions over the years, the mindset seems to be that these issues will sort themselves out somehow over time.
It is telling that in every single example where Global Business Culture has been called in to help with cultural problems at a major ISSC, we have been called into the frame well after the transition has happened – nobody seems to want to look at these issues in advance for some reason despite the fact that so much academic research and pure anecdotal evidence point to cultural differences as the key stumbling block.
Many managers suddenly find that they are, almost overnight, transitioned from a position where all of their reports are in one country, speak one language and have one culture to a position where they are having to deal with a mass of different and new cultural approaches. They are seldom ever given any help in addressing these issues and then negatively appraised on how they are doing.
People are expected to abandon the way in which they do things for a new approach that they don’t understand or agree with and which will often ride rough-shod over cultural attitudes and expectations. Actually that is almost the key objective of undertaking an ISSC project in the first place – to iron out all those costly differences in approach and process and replace them with a single, ‘better’ system. There may well be logic and efficiencies in the new process (almost definitely there will be) but if this transition is badly handled, the resentment ensuing will very, very quickly negate any benefit accrued.
In-country contacts built over many years are replaced with new colleagues in a distant location with very few, if any, opportunities to build the all-important relationships which can help to smooth out problems which inevitably arise during and after transition. This problem is often exacerbated through the use of nameless ‘ticketing’ systems that mean most issues are handled by multiple (nameless and faceless) hands at the ISSC.
This is a perennial problem at most ISSC’s and one which increases the difficulty of the relationship-building process. After the initial adrenalin rush of the ISSC start-up phase, the work often settles down into a routine and humdrum process and then people simply get bored and move on. This can lead to more inefficiency as new people are on-boarded and tensions between the ISSC and the home teams can slowly rise as a result.
I could enumerate many other areas of potential tension and inefficiencies but what is important is that all of these issues are addressed either before transition or as the difficulties arise, rather than trying to pretend they don’t exist or will disappear through osmosis.
You can address these issues through timely and targeted interventions and if any of these issues ring true to you and you would like to see how we could help, contact me at email@example.com
A recent Boston Consulting Group report highlighted the capability gap companies are faced with when trying to achieve their global ambitions. The work Global Business Culture has done over the past 15 years or so with companies going through this globalisation process would fully support the findings of this report which highlights a number of key deficiencies. Our assertion would be that one of the core knowledge gaps (if not the key knowledge gap) companies struggle with is a lack of understanding of the profound effect local cultural business approaches can have on the delivery of any global strategy.
When going through this globalisation process I’m afraid you just have to face two unassailable realities:
The BCG report highlights three key areas of concern:
I have seen all of these problems happening time after time, year after year with monotonous regularity. Globalisation is a mindset not a word. Understand your own view of the world, your counter-parties’ view of the world and where the similarities and differences are. The similarities are the points of contact where you can build bridges and forge efficient common practices; the differences need to be acknowledged and worked on.
Deep cultural understanding is a ‘must’ not a ‘nice to have’ – but then I suppose I would say that wouldn’t I?
If you would like to discuss how Global Business Culture can help your business work more effectively in a culturally complex world, contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org